Zaid crops, also known as summer or offseason crops, refer to the crops that are grown during the summer season, typically between March and June. These crops play a crucial role in ensuring continuous agricultural production and food security throughout the year. Zaid crops are well-suited to the warmer temperatures and shorter growing periods of the summer season. They include various vegetables like cucumber, watermelon, bitter gourd, pumpkin, and leafy greens such as spinach and amaranth. Some fruits like muskmelon and mango are also considered zaid crops. These crops require careful irrigation and nutrient management due to the higher evaporation rates and increased pest and disease pressure during the summer. Zaid crops provide farmers with an additional source of income and diversify the agricultural production cycle, contributing to a more sustainable and resilient farming system.