Sericulture, or "silk farming," is the practise of raising silkworms for the purpose of producing silk. It is a long-standing custom that began approximately 5,000 years ago in China and has since spread throughout the globe. Mulberry trees, the main source of nutrition for silkworms, are grown as part of sericulture. Silkworm eggs are first hatched, after which they are raised in a controlled environment. The silkworms moult their skin repeatedly as they grow through several phases of development while eating mulberry leaves. After completely matured, the silkworms weave silk thread, which is created by their salivary glands, into cocoons. To extract the silk thread, these cocoons are carefully collected and boiled. Handling silk delicately and using excellent craftsmanship are necessary. After being spun into yarn, the silk strands are used to make pricey textiles. Sericulture contributes significantly to the economies of many nations and offers farmers and craftspeople options for a living. Silk is a treasured material in the fashion and textile industries all over the world because of its amazing beauty and feel.