Starting a business in India is a popular choice for entrepreneurs worldwide, given its large and growing consumer base, booming economy, and government incentives for startups. One of the primary steps towards establishing a business in India is registering a private limited company. However, the process of company registration can be daunting and time-consuming, especially for those unfamiliar with the Indian legal system. This article will explore how long it takes to register a private limited company in India, including the necessary steps and requirements.
What is a Private Limited Company?
A Private Limited Company is a type of business entity that offers limited liability protection to its shareholders and is privately held. In India, private limited companies are regulated by the Companies Act 2013 and must have a minimum of two and a maximum of 200 shareholders. The company's shareholders are only liable to the extent of their shareholding. Their assets are protected from any legal or financial liability arising from the company's operations.
Requirements for registering a private limited company in India
To register a private limited company in India, the following requirements must be fulfilled:
Minimum of two shareholders and two directors
At least one director must be an Indian resident
Directors must have a Director Identification Number (DIN)
Shareholders must have a Permanent Account Number (PAN) and a Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN)
The company must have a unique name that has not been previously registered
Steps to Register a Private Limited Company in India
The process of registering a private limited company in India involves the following steps:
1. Obtain Director Identification Number (DIN)
The first step in registering a private limited company is to obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN) for all the company's directors. DIN is a unique identification number issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) to individuals who intend to become company directors in India.
2. Acquire Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)
Once the directors have obtained their DIN, they must acquire a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) to sign the electronic documents required for company registration. A DSC is an electronic certificate that verifies the signatory's identity and ensures the documents' authenticity.
3. Reserve a Unique Company Name
The next step is to reserve a unique company name through the Ministry of Corporate Affairs website. The name must not be identical or similar to the name of an existing company or trademark.
4. File Incorporation Documents with the Registrar of Companies (ROC)
After the name has been approved, the company's directors must file the incorporation documents with (ROC) in the state where the company will be registered. These documents include the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA), which outline the company's objectives, rules, and regulations. The directors must also submit their DIN, DSC, and proof of identity and address.
5. Obtain PAN and TAN
After the incorporation documents have been verified and approved by the ROC, the company will receive a Certificate of Incorporation. The company must then apply for a Permanent Account Number (PAN) and a Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN) from the Income Tax Department. PAN is required for opening a bank account, filing taxes, and conducting financial transactions, while TAN is required for deducting and depositing taxes on behalf of employees.
Timeline for Registering a Private Limited Company in India
The timeline for registering a private limited company in India can vary depending on the efficiency of the ROC and the completeness of the documents submitted. However, on average, the process takes around 15-20 days from submitting the incorporation documents. The timeline can be further reduced if all the required documents are in order and the company name is unique and quickly approved.
Registering a private limited company in India is crucial to establishing a business there. While the process can seem overwhelming, understanding the requirements and steps can make it a more manageable task. The timeline for registering a private limited company in India can take up to 20 days, depending on various factors. However, the benefits of limited liability protection, perpetual existence, ease of fundraising, tax benefits, and credibility in the market make it worth the effort.
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