A country's central government may adopt a number of initiatives and programs to solve certain problems and offer social benefits to its population. These programs and initiatives are referred to as "central government schemes." These programs seek to advance social progress, economic prosperity, and general well-being. They span a wide range of industries, including agriculture, healthcare, education, infrastructure, employment, and rural development. Subsidies for farmers, measures to promote financial inclusion, healthcare insurance for the poor, skill development programs, housing programs, and employment creation programs are a few examples of central government initiatives. These programs are intended to ensure fair resource distribution, advance socially excluded groups, and promote inclusive development. They are essential in raising the standard of living, advancing socioeconomic equality, and enhancing individuals' quality of life in general.