There is a wide types of crops cultivated worldwide, catering to diverse climatic conditions, soil types, and market demands. Major types of crops include cereals, such as wheat, rice, maize, and barley, which form the staple food for a significant portion of the global population. Pulses, including lentils, chickpeas, and beans, are rich sources of protein. Oilseeds like soybeans, sunflowers, and rapeseed are cultivated for their oil content. Cash crops like cotton, tobacco, sugarcane, and coffee are grown primarily for commercial purposes. Horticultural crops encompass fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants. Examples include apples, oranges, tomatoes, lettuce, and roses. Industrial crops like rubber, jute, and flax are cultivated for industrial uses. Additionally, there are specialty crops like spices, tea, and cocoa that provide unique flavors and are highly valued in international trade. The choice of crops depends on factors such as climate, soil suitability, market demand, and farming objectives.