Subsistence farming is an agricultural practice focused on producing enough food to meet the basic needs of a family or community. It is characterized by small-scale farming methods, typically without the use of advanced machinery or technology. Subsistence farmers rely on traditional knowledge and labor-intensive techniques to cultivate crops and raise livestock. The primary objective of subsistence farming is self-sufficiency. Farmers grow a variety of crops and raise livestock for their own consumption rather than for sale in the market. This form of farming often takes place on small plots of land and utilizes natural fertilizers and pest control methods. Subsistence farming plays a crucial role in many developing regions where access to modern infrastructure and resources may be limited. It helps to alleviate food insecurity by providing a direct and immediate source of sustenance for families. Additionally, subsistence farming preserves traditional farming practices and local biodiversity, promoting sustainable agriculture. While subsistence farming can ensure survival in resource-constrained environments, it is also associated with challenges such as low productivity and vulnerability to climate fluctuations. As societies progress, subsistence farming often transitions to more commercialized forms of agriculture to meet the demands of a growing population and changing economic systems.