Dryland farming, sometimes referred to as dry farming or rainfed agriculture, is a practise of growing crops without irrigation systems or in areas with little to no rainfall. The only source of water is from natural precipitation. To preserve moisture and maximise the use of the available resources, this sort of farming necessitates careful management approaches. Several tactics are used by farmers who engage in dryland farming to increase crop yields under arid circumstances. They include choosing drought-tolerant crop types, applying soil conservation practises like contour ploughing and terracing to prevent erosion, and using water-saving irrigation systems like drip irrigation to reduce soil moisture loss. In arid and semi-arid areas where water scarcity is a persistent problem, drier farming is especially crucial. It enables farmers to cultivate crops in places where traditional irrigation techniques would not be practical or long-lasting. Dryland farmers may produce good crops and keep their land productive even in difficult areas by implementing sustainable practises and adjusting to the local climate and soil characteristics.